, Because the adjacent enclave is crime-ridden, the people in the surrounding community want more police patrols in their area. A commonly cited example is the Kleinwalsertal, a valley part of Vorarlberg, Austria, that is accessible only from Germany to the north. , $MMT = window.$MMT || {}; $MMT.cmd = $MMT.cmd || [];$MMT.cmd.push(function(){ $MMT.display.slots.push(["45ba4f61-76ac-4b3d-94d4-c9019d2ebe3c"]); }), $MMT = window.$MMT || {}; $MMT.cmd = $MMT.cmd || [];$MMT.cmd.push(function(){ $MMT.display.slots.push(["418b1e7b-a189-47b4-952a-43e52a926ad5"]); }), $MMT = window.$MMT || {}; $MMT.cmd = $MMT.cmd || [];$MMT.cmd.push(function(){ $MMT.display.slots.push(["9b588b9a-598a-47f4-bc83-ba2fd303e5df"]); }). An ethnic enclave is a community of an ethnic group inside an area in which another ethnic group predominates. The word exclave[3] is a logically extended back-formation of enclave. One or more parcels/holdings of land in most countries is owned by other countries. [7] In law, this created a servitude[8] of passage for the benefit of the owner of the surrounded land. A commonly cited example is the Kleinwalsertal, a valley part of Vorarlberg, Austria, that is only accessible from Germany to the north, being separated from the rest of Austria by high mountains traversed by no roads. However, the East German government and the Soviet Union treated East Berlin as an integral part of East Germany, so West Berlin was a de facto enclave within East Germany. By clicking “Accept”, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. [9] In British administrative history, subnational enclaves were usually called detachments or detached parts, and national enclaves as detached districts or detached dominions. [5]:10 A true enclave cannot be reached without passing through the territory of a single other state that surrounds it. Two such complexes containing them exist currently: The former complex of enclaves at Cooch Behar district included 24 second-order enclaves and one small third-order enclave called Dahala Khagrabari #51: a piece of India within Bangladesh, within India, within Bangladesh. The Knin – Bihać railway between Croatia and Bosnia is split by the Croatian–Bosnian border several times. [2]:60 Enclave is sometimes used improperly to denote a territory that is only partly surrounded by another state. Netherlands and Belgium though decided to keep the enclave and exclave system in Baarle. A pene-exclave can also exist entirely on land, such as when intervening mountains render a territory inaccessible from other parts of a country except through alien territory. "Although physical connections by water with Point Roberts are entirely within the sovereignty of the United States, land access is only possible through Canada."[18]. century maps of Germany and other European countries by British cartographers and publishers such as R. Wilkinson. Although A2 is an exclave of A, it cannot be classed as an enclave because it shares borders with B and C. The territory A3 is both an exclave of A and an enclave from the viewpoint of B. While subnational enclaves are numerous the world over, there are only a few national-level true enclaves in Africa, Australia and the Americas (each such enclave being surrounded by the territorial waters of another country). An enclave is a part of the territory of a state that is enclosed within the territory of another state. [17]:60 Catudal (1974)[18]:113 and Vinokurov (2007)[5]:31–33 further elaborate upon examples, including Point Roberts. In order to avoid such a trans-border arrangement, the. Examples include: The term pene-exclave was defined in Robinson (1959) as "parts of the territory of one country that can be approached conveniently – in particular by wheeled traffic – only through the territory of another country. For example, in the feudal system in Europe, the ownership of feudal domains was often transferred or partitioned, either through purchase and sale or through inheritance, and often such domains were or came to be surrounded by other domains. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. 19 people chose this as the best definition of enclave: A country or part of a co... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. It is possible for an enclave of one country to be completely surrounded by a part of another country that is itself an enclave of the first country. A pene-exclave is a part of the territory of one country that can be conveniently approached—in particular, by wheeled traffic—only through the territory of another country. An historical example is West Berlin before the reunification of Germany. To distinguish the parts of a state entirely enclosed in a single other state, they are called true enclaves. In the special case of embassies/consulates these enjoy special privileges driven by international consensus particularly the mutual wish to ensure free diplomatic missions, such as being exempt from major hindrances and host-country arrests in ordinary times on the premises. The word enclave is French and first appeared in the mid-15th century as a derivative of the verb enclaver (1283), from the colloquial Latin inclavare (to close with a key). Embassies enjoy many different legal statuses approaching quasi-sovereignty, depending on the agreements reached and in practice upheld from time-to-time by host nations.

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