The combination of female suffrage and the organization of the Women's Peronist Party granted Juan Perón a large majority (63 percent) of the vote in the 1951 presidential elections. In 1951, Eva Perón announced her candidacy for the Peronist nomination for the office of Vice President of Argentina, receiving great support from the Peronist political base, low-income and working-class Argentines who were referred to as descamisados or "shirtless ones". It has often been said that Evita had the government funding for the Sociedad cut off in retaliation. During her visit to Spain, Eva handed out 100-peseta notes to many poor children she met on her journey. Francoist Spain had not recovered from the Spanish Civil War (the autarkic economy and the UN embargo meant that the country could not feed its people). He had come to politics late in life, and was therefore free of preconceived ideas of how his political career should be conducted, and he was willing to accept whatever aid she offered him. Finally, Law 13,010 was approved unanimously. And when he died in a car accident in 1926, his wife shunned Perón and her family at the funeral, according to some reports. [9][page needed] According to Junín's civil registry, a birth certificate shows that one María Eva Duarte was born on 7 May 1919. Since her death, Perón's life continues to fascinate people around the world. It appeared that her body had been damaged during its transport and storage, such as compressions to her face and disfigurement of one of her feet due to the body having been left in an upright position. "[67], Biographer Robert D. Crassweller writes that the English-speaking nations of North America and Europe largely misunderstood Argentina's response to the death of Perón as well as the ornate funeral she was granted. That is where Perón's coffin rests. [9][page needed]. Juan Perón was a military officer and politician who was elected president of Argentina three times. [48] Law 13,010 established the equality of political rights between men and women and universal suffrage in Argentina. Every aspect of the foundation was under Evita's supervision. However a society's vision of the afterlife may be structured, death by its nature remains a mystery, and, until society formally allays the commotion it causes, a source of disturbance and disorder. This version of events is arguable, but the government funding that had previously supported the Sociedad now went to support Evita's own foundation. Following his flight, a military dictatorship took power. [59] It soon became apparent that these measures fell short of reflecting popular grief. Not even the mass exodus of the Cuban raft people or the rapid decomposition and isolation of Fidel Castro's regime have eroded the triumphal myth of Che Guevara, which remains alive in the dreams of thousands of young people in Latin America, Africa and Europe. Eva Mendes is an American actress best known for her roles in the films 'Training Day,' 'Stuck on You' and 'Hitch.' A memorial was held for the Argentine team during the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki due to Eva Perón's death during those games.[63]. According to the book Evita: A Biography by John Barnes, while she traveled down a street with many people crowding her car, someone threw two stones and smashed the windshield. [7] On 26 July 2002, the 50th anniversary of Eva Perón's death, a museum opened in her honour called Museo Evita. [40], In The Woman with the Whip, the first English-language biography of Eva Perón, author Mary Main writes that no account records were kept for the foundation, because it was merely a means of funneling government money into private Swiss bank accounts controlled by the Peróns. It was followed by Perón, his cabinet, Eva's family and friends, the delegates and representatives of the Partido Peronista Femenino—then workers, nurses and students of the Eva Peron Foundation. Using her weekly radio show, she delivered powerful speeches with heavy populist rhetoric urging the poor to align themselves with Perón's movement. As a female corpse reiterating the symbolic themes of both woman and martyr, Eva Perón perhaps lays double claim to spiritual leadership.[79]. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, Google+ and Linked in, The gruesome, untold story of Eva Peron’s lobotomy. [70], The Argentine government took elaborate measures to make Perón's tomb secure. Upon reading the numerous speeches that [Juan] Perón pronounced against antisemitism during his first two presidencies, it immediately becomes clear that no other president before Perón had rejected discrimination against Jews so clearly and unambiguously. A new women's suffrage bill was introduced, which the Senate of Argentina sanctioned on 21 August 1946. Read about our approach to external linking.

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