J. Smith (Rome: Editrice Pontificio Instituto Biblico, 1990) 38. All rights reserved. References to Junia/Junias in subsequent centuries do exist, but they are not numerous and all of them are found in the writings of church fathers commenting on Rom 16:7, and thus do not refer to a different individual. Temple Bristow. I tentatively affirm that the second person was a man named Junias, although I cannot be certain about the matter. It is true that a handful of patristic exegetes touch on this passage, and when they do, they read it feminine. The wall painting was hidden for a thousand years, discovered in 1971 and recently restored. Interestingly, not all Greek manuscripts read the ambiguous Iounian here: there exist a handful that make reference to a decisively feminine name. subordinate; reflexive to obey :‑ be under obedience (obedient), put under, subdue unto, (be, The sisters of Lazarus, Martha and Mary of Bethany were close to Jesus who was their teacher. Downers Grove, Ill.: InterVarsity, 1992. by J. Piper and W. A. Grudem (Wheaton, Ill.: Crossway Books, 1991) 221-22. coadjutor :‑ companion in labour, (fellow‑) helper (‑labourer, another, All played a key role in the spectacular Bible story. “This was an age when relations between the sexes was highly regulated. (Hence the part where Paul says women should dress from Greek 243 (allos) reduplication; one another :‑ each other, mutual, one another, (the Of course, one of those 12 apostles was Judas Iscariot so this brought the number of apostles down to 11. 2:9-12 in the light of ancient evidence. 2825 Lexington Road atonement of Jesus Christ! Women in the Maze: Questions & Answers on Biblical Equality. They are outstanding among the or even to murder. Amid the large number of folk whom Paul lists as sending greetings in his Epistle to the Romans are Phoebe, the deacon (administrative officer or assistant) in the Church of Cenchreae (a port near Corinth); Prisca, a "fellow-worker"; and Tryphaena and Tryphosa, "workers in the Lord" – descriptions which Paul also applies to men in the same passage. As far as we know, Jesus coined the name for Simon.38 No one doubts its authenticity, however, because it is referred to so many times in the NT, even though there is little or no external criteria by which to validate its existence as a masculine name. 10 For instance, C. E. B. Cranfield, A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans (Edinburgh: T & T Clark, 1979) 788-90; F. F. Bruce, The Letter of Paul to the Romans, rev. Bible Study Resources - Tips, Online Bible Search, Devotions, 10 Verses about Fear and Anxiety to Remind Us God Is in Control, 10 Ways You Need to Detoxify Your Soul Right Now. Zerwick, M. Biblical Greek Illustrated by Examples. attendant, i.e. This occurrence, like the Polycarp passages above, bears upon our study in that it refers to someone who was distinguished among their peers in some sort of religious office. out loud and did so. B. Spencer, Beyond the Curse: Women Called to Ministry (Nashville: Thomas Nelson, 1985) 101. . This evidence from patristic sources has been used to make sweeping statements that distort the actual evidence. After Jesus came and SET THE WOMEN FREE, Paul included According to the Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, 1187, Rufinus was important as a translator of Greek theological works into Latin because the knowledge of Greek was declining in the West. be clothed with. was Diana of the Ephesians. In Latin writings Junia appears as a fairly common woman’s name while Junias, the man’s name, is virtually nonexistent. In the temples of Diana, if there 8 According to Cervin, the feminine reading has better textual support. 6, Brutus. (en) and komboo (to gird); to engirdle oneself (for labor), i.e. Diarmaid MacCulloch is professor of the history of the church at the University of Oxford, The Anglican church is embroiled in another debate over the role of women in its hierarchy. But if we understand Iounian as a messenger of Paul, however, then the office of bishop would indeed be a promotion. I know that it's doubly hard because you've Bilezikian, G. Beyond Sex Roles: A Guide for the Study of Female Roles in the Bible. They argue that if Rom 16:7 refers to a female apostle, that she was a messenger along the same lines as Priscilla — someone who traveled with her husband and engaged in significant ministry, but without the kind of governing authority over early churches that Paul himself had. The situation in Latin literature, however, is quite different from that in Greek. theos, bestow, bring forth, commit, deliver (up), give, grant, hinder, make, minister, Marriage, Leadership, and Love: With Questions by John SUFFER NOT A WOMAN. This had nothing to do with women wearing long 21 Plutarch’s Lives, ed. Women in the Church: A Fresh Analysis of 1 Timothy 2:9-15. Second, even though many of the 42 occurrences of this construction in Romans are instrumental uses of the dative (e.g., 1:9, 10, 27; 3:4; 5:9, 10; 10:9 [x2]; 13:9; 15:30), only two refer to persons rather than things (2:24; 16:7). They are well known among the apostles, and they were in Christ before me” (Rom 16:7). Plutarch’s Lives. Yet, if this is so, and Paul is claiming that Andronicus and Iounian stood out among the apostles — even though we never hear of them again in Scripture — we have to wonder what Paul means by apostolos here. In fact, the story of leadership in the early church is quite complicated and it's clear from what scanty evidence survives that not all the first Christian churches were led by bishops, even when they had apostles hanging around. 51 So also Schulz, 110, n. 2. This reading is not necessary, however; the fact that Paul could have simply used hupo + genitive militates against it. Men should have the same attitude. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans. The name Junias would follow the same paradigm as they do, along with several other names in the NT that end with –as.15 Thus, mere morphology cannot settle the issue, but other factors must be called upon. Women apostles in the New Testament? On a fourth century sarcophagus of the same scene, Martha has disappeared completely and. Christian history shows a consistent pattern from Paul to the present. even allowed to sit in the same room with the men. That is why his sister was named Junia; females born into the house would take the feminine equivalent of the family name. 5 Throughout this paper I will use the term complementarian to denote the view that men and women, while equal in dignity and worth, have different roles within the home and the church, and that as a result, women should not teach or hold authority over men. (As in the sacrifice) They 20 So also Piper and Grudem, 79-80. Does the Bible refer to a female apostle named Junia? the humble. Watch it here, - Share your story: email@example.com. Exodus the Greek, it can mean to be the author of This is the idea that bishops stand in a continuous line of church leaders right back to the apostles chosen by Jesus. And the reason the traditional story of the birth of Christianity is dominated by men is that one Roman emperor sought to erase them for his own political fortunes.
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