Although he was a supporter of civil liberties, he wrote the majority opinion in Korematsu v. United States, which allowed Japanese American internment during World War II. These included James Wilson, born in Fife, Scotland; James Iredell, born in Lewes, England; and William Paterson, born in County Antrim, Ireland. [24], The first African American appointed to the Court was Thurgood Marshall, appointed by Lyndon B. Johnson in 1967. In a twist of ironic fate, Roger B. Taney died in the final months of the American Civil War, on the same day that Maryland, his home state, abolished slavery. [10] David M. O'Brien notes that "[f]rom the appointment of John Rutledge from South Carolina in 1789 until the retirement of Hugo Black [from Alabama] in 1971, with the exception of the Reconstruction decade of 1866–1876, there was always a southerner on the bench. President Trump says he wants to nominate a justice who could serve on the Supreme Court for 40 years or more as Justice Anthony Kennedy's replacement. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Out of concern for the health and safety of the public and Supreme Court employees, the Supreme Court Building will be closed to the public until further notice. Justice Antonin Scalia, one of the Court’s most conservative members, said that Brennan was “probably the most influential Justice of the [20th] century.”, William J. Brennan had such a close friendship with Chief Justice Earl Warren, that he was often tasked with writing the majority opinion. Some of his other notable cases include Bates v. State Bar of Arizona, Bigelow v. Commonwealth of Virginia, and Stanton v. Stanton. Polenberg suggests that friends may have stressed Cardozo's devotion to his sister to discourage rumors "that he was sexually dysfunctional, or had an unusually low sexual drive or was homosexual." [143] Only Justices Thomas and Sotomayor have been regarded as coming from a lower-class background. Current Age (as of June 2020): 72 years Appointed By: President George H. W. Bush Start of Service: October 23, 1991 Length of Service (as of September 2020): 28 years, 11 months, 4 days. Current Age (as of September 2020): 53 years, 29 days. [80], More recently, when David Souter was nominated to the Court, "conservative groups expressed concern to the White House ... that the president's bachelor nominee might conceivably be a homosexual". Does it Matter? [74], Speculation has been recorded about the sexual orientation of a few justices who were lifelong bachelors, but no unambiguous evidence exists that they were gay. It's complicated", "What Neil Gorsuch's faith and writings could say about his approach to religion on the Supreme Court", "Neil Gorsuch belongs to a notably liberal church — and would be the first Protestant on the Court in years", "Supreme Court nominee Gorsuch: An Episcopal faith? Chief Justice John Roberts has authored the majority opinion in several landmark cases, including Shelby County v. Holder, National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius, King v. Burwell, and Department of Commerce v. New York. The 1792 death of Elizabeth Rutledge, wife of Justice John Rutledge, contributed to the mental health problems that led to the rejection of his recess appointment. However, the letter's veracity cannot be confirmed, and a review of all the evidence led Fine to conclude that he "could not stick his neck out and say [Murphy] was gay".[77]. "Souter and Thomas Report Least Assets of All Justices". The financial position of the typical Supreme Court Justice has been described as "upper-middle to high social status: reared in nonrural but not necessarily urban environment, member of a civic-minded, politically active, economically comfortable family". [116] John Paul Stevens, second only to Holmes,[116] left the court in June 2010, two months after turning 90. Both houses of Congress have an…, The oldest US senator served for a few decades and he switched parties from a Democrat to a Republican. Six were members of the United States Senate at the time of their appointment,[125][126] while one was a sitting member of the House of Representatives. Oldest Age While Sitting: 84 years, 3 months, 15 days State:  New Jersey Position:  Associate Justice Appointed By:  Dwight D. Eisenhower Tenure:  October 16, 1956 – July 20, 1990 (33 years, 277 days). In spite of the interest in the Court's demographics and the symbolism accompanying the inevitably political appointment process,[3] and the views of some commentators that no demographic considerations should arise in the selection process,[4][5] the gender, race, educational background or religious views of the justices has played little documented role in their jurisprudence. Iowa, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, North Carolina, New Hampshire have each produced 2 associate justices. Thus, three states may claim to be his home state. All Supreme Court justices were males until 1981, when Ronald Reagan fulfilled his 1980 campaign promise to place a woman on the Court,[60] which he did with the appointment of Sandra Day O'Connor. [146] These disclosures provide a snapshot into the wealth of the justices, reported within broad ranges, from year to year since 1979. Kagan has also worked as a professor at Harvard Law School and later became the first woman to be appointed the school’s dean. The youngest justice ever appointed was Joseph Story, 32 at the time of his appointment in 1812; the oldest was Charles Evans Hughes, who was 67 at the time of his appointment as Chief Justice in 1930. [124] Relatively few justices have been appointed from among members of Congress. [113], No professing atheist has ever been appointed to the Court, although some justices have declined to engage in religious activity, or affiliate with a denomination. Although Kaga is considered part of the Supreme Court’s liberal wing, she tends to be the more moderate member of that group. Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. was nearly 91 years old when he retired, making him the the oldest United States Supreme Court justice ever. Justices of the United States Supreme Court (by Term of Court), Judicial Branch  "Commentary: Break the mold for Supreme Court picks", Senators Who Served on the U.S. Supreme Court, House Members Who Became Members of the U.S. Supreme Court, "More veterans should be nominated to the Supreme Court", "None of the Supreme Court Justices Has Battle Experience", U.S. Army Center of Military History page on John Blair, "Clarence Thomas failed to report wife's income, watchdog says", "Thomas Cites Failure to Disclose Wife's Job", "Clarence Thomas fixes reports to include wife's pay", "Trump’s pick: Gorsuch is respected jurist — and another multimillionaire", Religious Affiliation of the U.S. Supreme Court, Educational background of the justices through Stephen Breyer, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_the_Supreme_Court_of_the_United_States&oldid=987627297, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2017, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from October 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This article is part of the series on the. Notes: The acceptance of the appointment and commission by the appointee, as evidenced by the taking of the prescribed oaths, is here implied; otherwise the individual is not carried on this list of the Members of the Court.Examples: Robert Hanson Harrison is not carried, as a letter from President Washington of February 9, 1790 states Harrison declined to serve. The table below shows the college and law school from which each of the currently sitting justices graduated: Not only have all justices been attorneys, nearly two thirds had previously been judges. Since then, only two other non-white Justices have been appointed, Marshall's African-American successor, Clarence Thomas in 1991, and Latina Justice Sonia Sotomayor in 2009. First appointed in 1991, Thomas is currently the longest-serving justice among this group of justices. All Supreme Court justices were white and of European heritage until the appointment of Thurgood Marshall, the first African American Justice, in 1967. [118] Combined with the reduction in responsibilities carried out by modern justices as compared to the early justices, this results in much longer potential terms of service. The typical one-term president has had one appointment opportunity instead of two. Some say it was Cardozo, "Remarks by President Trump on Judicial Appointments", "Sources: Trump Considers Barrett, Lagoa, Rushing For Supreme Court Spot", "Trump eyes Cuban American judge from Florida for Supreme Court", "What you need to know about Barbara Lagoa", American Indians ask for voice on federal court, "Donald Trump will expand list of possible Supreme Court picks", "Donald J. Trump Finalizes List of Potential Supreme Court Justice PicksS", "Trump completes interviews of Supreme Court candidates, short-list down to 6", "Judge Amy Coney Barrett, a potential Supreme Court nominee, has defended overturning precedents", "Elena Kagan Sworn in as Supreme Court Justice", "Trump announces 'brilliant' conservative judge Barrett as Supreme Court pick", "Husband of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg dies", "From softball to Bridget Jones: Why we should stop talking about Elena Kagan's sexuality".

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