Solon was a noble philosopher and a poet who had a reputation for fairness. We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives. Depending on their income and not their noble origin, Solon divided the Athenian society in classes. On his journeys, Solon did an in-depth study of foreign cultures, laws, and the political and economic life and ethics of other countries. It is said that before he left, he made the Athenians sign a contract that they would keep those reformations for at least 10 years before they make any change in the political system. All the people were divided into four classes, and political power was distributed among them. However, he’s mainly remembered for being the legislator who laid the foundation for Athenian democracy with his reforms and efforts to legislate against political, economic, and moral decline. Plutarch and Aristotle describe in some detail the constitution devised by Solon, who then went into voluntary exile to avoid being pressured into amending this legislation. Gill is a Latinist, writer, and teacher of ancient history and Latin. That privilege was reserved for the pentakosoimedimnoi and hippeis only. Was Rama Based on a Real Historical Figure? Before Solon's reforms, the Athenian state was administered by nine archons appointed or elected annually by the Areopagus on the basis of noble birth and wealth.

It has been suggested that the tradition presenting a peaceful and happy coexistence between Solon and Peisistratos was cultivated during the latter's dominion, in order to legitimize his own rule, as well as that of his sons. In his poems, Solon portrays Athens as being under threat from the unrestrained greed and arrogance of its citizens. He wrote poetry for pleasure, as patriotic propaganda, and in defence of his constitutional reform. Solon's reform of these injustices was later known and celebrated among Athenians as the Seisachtheia (shaking off of burdens). The historian Plutarch quotes several of them in a rather strained attempt to illustrate what Solon’s laws may have addressed. The specific economic reforms credited to Solon are these: It is generally assumed, on the authority of ancient commentators[91][92] that Solon also reformed the Athenian coinage. In, Wallace, Robert W. 2009.


The zeugitai could hold minor positions in Athens’ institutions.

At the point at which a tyrant or revolt seemed likely, the Athenians appointed Solon to mediate. [6] Ancient authors such as Herodotus and Plutarch are the main sources, but wrote about Solon long after his death. Naupa Iglesia: An Egyptian Portal in the Andes? During his trips around the world, Solon met new people and civilizations and this made him a wise man. A family struggling on a small farm however could not use the farm as security for a loan even if it owned the farm. Besides changing debt practices Solon also re-structured the Athenian class system, creating four distinct groups. His father, Execestides, was the one who took care of his son’s education and made sure to teach Solon to treasure his life experiences, social values, and human relationships more than anything else. Depending on how much property they owned, citizens were entitled to run for certain offices denied those lower on the property scale. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 10 Mar 2016. [60] Modern scholars doubt the reliability of these sources and our knowledge of Solon's legislation is therefore actually very limited in its details. After completing his work of reform, Solon surrendered his extraordinary authority and left the country. When, lo! C. Mosse, 'Comment s'elabore un mythe politique: Solon'. as they reached the mountain-side, A wondrous portal opened wide, As if a cavern was suddenly hollowed; And the Piper advanced and the children followed, And when all were in to the very last, The door in the mountain-side shut fast. Only eight verses survive from this elegy today. Since archons could only come from the top three classes, its composition was entirely aristocratic. One Hundred Years of Homosexuality: And Other Essays on Greek Love, Bernard Sergent, "Paederasty and Political Life in Archaic Greek Cities" in, Works about Solon at Perseus Digital Library,, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2016, Wikipedia articles incorporating the template Lives of the Eminent Philosophers, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, manual workers or sharecroppers, they served voluntarily in the role of personal servant, or as auxiliaries armed for instance with the.

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